Despite societal discrimination and religious persecution, homosexuality and bi-sexuality, like heterosexuality, are inborn traits that cannot be changed and are not a choice. Attempted suppression does not work. It always pushes through. Human sexuality is very complex. It is not simply one moment or one single dividing cell, that affects one’s sexuality but a series of changes and combinations of androgens released prenatally at specific times (or not) which establish a person’s sexual orientation.
Many years ago it was believed by some that sexual orientation could be changed or molded based on training and conditioning a child to identify as a male or female, and that they would then be attracted to the opposite gender. However, this has been proven to be false.
Brian S. Mustanski, reports on a case study in, A Critical Review Of Recent Biological Research On Human Sexual Orientation. In 36 boys surgically made into girls due to injury or malformed penis, only one patient maintained a female identity and reported sexual attraction toward males. Although these patients had sex reassignment surgery at birth, [including female hormone treatment throughout their lives, being influenced as girls and raised as girls], the sexual attraction toward females seems to have been determined from male typical hormone levels en utero. Prenatal androgen activity, or absence of the activity, is extremely indicative that sexual orientation comes from prenatal neurohormonal effects (Mustanksi).
Confirmed by Mustanski, as well as Emmanuelle Jannini…, et al, in Male Homosexuality: Nature or Culture, is a certain study, which has been replicated many times, and the findings reproduced by several groups of scientists and doctors in different countries around the world, is called the fraternal birth order study. This study has conclusively established that homosexual men are more likely to have one or more older brothers. The finding has proven to be true, even when the biological brothers were not raised in the same household or did not know one another. The prevalence is not affected if they have older sisters–only older brothers. The rate of homosexuality among brothers is 9% higher than in random population samples. These findings discredit homosexuality as a choice and make evident its biological nature (Mustanksi; Jannini…,et al). In a research paper by Marc S. Breedlove called, Homosexuality and Finger Length, Dr. Ray Blanchard comments, approximately 15% of homosexual men are gay because they have older brothers. He concludes it is absurd that a person should be unable to marry the person they love just because their Mom had sons before them (Breedlove…,et al). There are theories being researched as to why and how this occurs, one is called the maternal immune hypothesis.
In the maternal immune hypothesis, scientists believe that fetal cells or cell fragments from the male babies entering maternal circulation, common during childbirth, triggers the mother’s immune system to produce antibodies against these male specific molecules. The strength of the maternal immunization increases with each male fetus and so increases the probability of homosexuality with each younger brother. Similarly to the way it remembers Rh factors, the mother’s body remembers each male fetus. The maternal immune hypothesis does not explain the orientation of all homosexual men. “There are other aetiological factors, which probably include polymorphic genes and possibly include atypical hormone levels at critical stages of fetal development” (Blanchard; Bogaert).
In studies by Franz J. Kallmann, with identical and fraternal gay twins verses non-related adopted brothers found that when one identical twin [of twins raised separately] self identified as homosexual 52% of them both self-identified as homosexuals, 22% of fraternal both self-identified as homosexual verses only 5% of the non-related adopted brothers were so. This data is conclusive evidence that the more genetically linked the pair is the more likely they will both be gay or straight. Later experiments for females found evidence with similar results (Kallmann).
Bruce King reports in Human Sexuality Today, there are numerous individuals born with ambiguous genitalia, and approximately 1 in 426 babies are born with unusual sex chromosome combinations. XX is associated with females and XY is associated with males. However, about 1 in 500 male babies have one or more extra X chromosome. These people can be XXY or XXXY. This unusual chromosome combination is known as Klinefelter’s syndrome. Approximately 1 in 65,000 babies is born as a hermaphrodite, having some or all of both sex organs. Even a child with a normally male associated XY chromosome combination may not have male genitalia at birth.
Here is a real scenario: A person who does not start menstruating as expected during adolescence goes to a physician to find out why. The physician discovers that this person—whose outward appearance [including no penis] and [belief] of self are both female—has no uterus or ovaries, but instead has male XY chromosomes and internal male genitalia. Is this person female or male? This information indicates there is not necessarily a direct relationship between sex, orientation and gender. No matter how an individual’s genitals appear or what their chromosomes are, their sexual identity is a function of the genetic-endocrine forces and is prenatally determined.
To those who use the Bible as the answer to the question of whether homosexuality is right or wrong, I ask this: What answers does the Bible have on the issues of sex chromosome abnormalities, ambiguous genitalia, and hermaphroditism? In your eyes, God’s eyes, the eyes of the church, who are these people allowed to love, marry and have a family with? What if the doctor and the parents decide to do surgery on the hermaphrodite baby to make it more clearly one gender or another, but that child grows up to love someone of the same gender they were surgically made into? From the standpoint of the church, are they going to hell for sinning? This is not a tiny amount of people we’re talking about here. With over seven billion people on this planet, that means almost 108,000 people right now on earth were babies born as hermaphrodites. What if no surgery is done on the baby? Then in that case, with both gender characteristics in one person, do they get a free pass as far as the church is concerned? Whatever sexual orientation they have is ok?
The point being made is that there are numerous issues related to sexuality that were completely unknown thousands of years ago when the Bible was being written, and therefore not addressed. Modern medical science is an amazing thing. Modern Psychological science is an amazing thing. It is time to trust science, while following the MESSAGE of the Bible. Love thy neighbor as thyself. Homosexuality as we know it today is about two consenting adults loving one another. The Bible verses used to condemn homosexuality are either from Leviticus, which is no longer followed in modern Christianity, or they are in reference to combinations of violence, rape, and prostitution, not loving committed relationships. Homosexuality in modern times is equivalent to heterosexuality. People meet, they go on a few dates, they perhaps fall in love and decide they want to spend their lives together and wish to marry.
In a New York Times article by Frank Bruni, referencing the rights we have [in America] including the right to bear arms, he said, “Among adults, the right to love whom you’re moved to love—and to express it through… marriage, is surely as vital to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness as a Glock. And it is much less likely to cause injury.”
Let all people pursue their own love and happiness.
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Blanchard, Ray. “Review and Theory of Handedness, Birth Order, and Homosexuality in Men.” Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group. http://www.psypress.com/laterality, 29 Nov. 2007. Web. 2 Apr. 2012.
Breedlove, S. Marc, Cynthia L. Jordon, Tessa J. Breedlove, Nicholas J. Breedlove, Andrew D. Huberman, Bradley M. Cooke, Scott E. Christensen, Michelle E. Pepitone, and Terrance J. Williams. “Homosexuality and Finger Length.” University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Department of Psychology and Graduate Groups Neuroscience, Endocrinology, 30 Mar. 2000. Web. 28 Mar.2012. <http://www.unl.edu/rhames/courses/readings/homofinger/homo_finger.html>.
Bruni, Frank. “Genetic or Not, Gay Won’t Go Away.” New York Times Sunday Review, 28 Jan. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/29/opinion/sunday/bruni-gay-wont-go-away-genetic-or-not.html>.
Jannini, Emmanuele A., Ray Blanchard, Andrea Camperio-Ciani, and John Bancroft,”Male Homosexuality: Nature or Culture?” National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2011. Web. 31 Mar. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21053405>.
Kallmann, Franz J. “Twin and Sibship Study of Overt Male Homosexuality.” Nih.gov. Columbia University, New York. Web. Apr. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1716443/pdf/ajhg00421- 0084.pdf>.
King, Bruce M. “Chapter 8 Becoming a Woman/Becoming a Man: Gender Identity and Gender Roles.” Human Sexuality Today. Seventh ed. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2012. 199-204. Print.
Mustanski, Brian S. “A Critical Review Of Recent Biological Research On Human Sexual Orientation.” Annual Review Of Sex Research 13.(2002): 89. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Mar. 2012
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